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Upper Respiratory Infections

An upper respiratory infection affects the upper part of your respiratory system, including your sinuses and throat. Upper respiratory infection symptoms include a runny nose, sore throat and cough. 

Upper respiratory infections include:

  • Common cold.
  • Epiglottitis (swelling of the trachea).
  • Laryngitis (lose your voice).
  • Pharyngitis (sore throat).
  • Sinusitis (sinus infection).


Upper respiratory infection are caused when a virus (or bacteria) enters your respiratory system, like touching an infected surface or shaking hands with a person who’s sick. You then touch your mouth, nose, or eyes. The germs from your hands enter and infect your body.


  • Cough.
  • Fever.
  • Hoarse voice.
  • Fatigue and lack of energy.
  • Red eyes.
  • Runny nose.
  • Sore throat.
  • Swollen lymph nodes (swelling on the sides of your neck).


Upper respiratory infections typically last one to two weeks. Most of the time, they go away on their own. Over-the-counter medications can help you feel better. Make sure you drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated.


Should I go to Indigo?

If your symptoms last longer than two weeks, Indigo can diagnose your symptoms and recommend treatment. 

If you are having any of the following symptoms, visit your nearest emergency department:

  • Loss of consciousness.
  • Fever of 103 degrees or higher.
  • Rapid breathing or difficulty breathing.
  • Frequent, severe coughing, which may come with vomiting.
  • Wheezing, a high-pitched whistling sound when you breathe out.
  • Dizziness.

How can we help?